Sharon Chipo Manzvera taught in Zimbabwe in both primary in Harare, and secondary schools in Goromonzi District for 3 years. She did a Bachelors in International Studies and Criminology at Monash University in South Africa. Currently, she is part of Wallacea Editorial Board that focuses mainly on Indo-Pacific Politics and has an interest in exploring matters of concern around the globe on water security and cervical cancer issues in the Sub Saharan African Countries.
Water challenges in Harare: Zimbabwe
The issue of water scarcity emerged in 2007 and many were happy when cholera was eliminated in the city of Harare. Also, the period between 2007 and 2015, there was adequate water due to the change of economy and the inclusive government. As a result, water treatment and repair of the old pipes that were inserted in 1980s and 1990s took place. However, not all the old pipes were fixed as the budgeted money was also prioritized for some issues in the Municipalities of Water. As such, water issues hit back strongly the citizens of Harare in 2016. Borehole water was now preferred as the safe water source than taped water, however poverty has caused criminals to steal borehole parts during the night, thereof leaving many people resorting once again to dirty taped water. There were no UNICEF Bouzers or drums to cater for the clean water. Again, another disease emerged, though this time it was typhoid. No one knew about typhoid in Glen View 3, and many people who died of the disease were reluctant to go to the hospital. In most of the local houses in Glen View 3, majority of people survived because they presented their cases early at Central Hospital in Harare. However, the unfortunate ones lost their life because of lack of awareness, and money to go to the hospital. Finally, water issue has been neglected with the government as it is not seen to be of importance. Two months ago, my family told me that the Parirenyatwa Hospital (major hospital in Harare which all people with critical issues are referred to) had no water for 2 weeks. This caused the alert to all patients to bring their own water to the hospital. As if it is not enough, in Glen Norah hospital all pregnant women were told to bring 20 liters of water when they go to deliver their children. Therefore, water remains a major challenge in Zimbabwe.
On April 26, 2016, Our Co-Founder, Dr. Ross Michael Pink presented an engaging lecture at School of Global Studies at Thamassat University in Thailand. His presentation highlighted water security and climate change issues affecting Thailand, India and China. Dr. Pink addressed dramatic challenges facing three billion people on human rights, economic development, food security and health. The presentation also addressed solutions such as cloud-seeding, desalinization and rainwater-harvesting.
Dr Ross Michael Pink's book entitled "Water Rights in South East Asia and India" is now available in stores.
Water Rights in Southeast Asia and India examines in fascinating detail and description the foremost human rights issue of the twenty-first century: clean drinking water. Dynamic and vital water issues are explored in nine countries: Burma/Myanmar, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, the Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam. Around 800 million people today have no clean water source. This number will soar to over two billion by 2050 because of pollution, surging population in the developing world, and climate change, which will accelerate drought, flooding, and disease. The global community has a historic and epic task to establish innovative and sustainable practices at both the international and village levels to safeguard the precious human right to water for billions of citizens.The book was published in November 2015 by Palgrave McMillan and it is now available online. To get access to this book, click the following link: http://bit.ly/1NrQLRc or contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Rajendra Singh of India is named the 2015 Stockholm Water Prize Laureate, for his innovative water restoration efforts, improving water security in rural India, and for showing extraordinary courage and determination in his quest to improve the living conditions for those most in need.
In the past few decades, scholars and policy experts around the world have invested significant amount of time and resources in finding solutions to water scarcity and lack of sanitation. Globally, there are 1.2 billion people who do not have access to clean water and approximately 2.5 billion people do not have access to proper sanitation. Every year, around 3.5 million children under the age of five die and 400 million school days are lost due to waterborne diseases. These figures tell us that there is an urgent need for a global policy change pertaining to water and sanitation. To read the entire article please click: http://luthfidhofier.wordpress.com/
Globally, 1.2 billion people have no access to clean water. The lack of clean water for the poor and marginalized in India is an extremely urgent situation.
400 million people in India are living at or below the international poverty line of $1.25 a day. Poverty, marginalization and unsafe water conditions are interconnected issues in India. The article explores these issues and relevant Supreme Court of India judgements that advance water rights.
Global Water Rights participated at the United Nations University and Institute for Water, Environment and Health (UNU-INWEH) symposium at McMaster University in Hamilton Ontario, November 25th-26th, 2013
Global Water Rights participated in the Wash and Wellbeing Symposium. Dr. Ross Michael Pink was a speaker at the symposium. For full information please follow this link: http://inweh.unu.edu/wash-wellbeing-conference/
The Article, "Child Rights, Right to Water and Sanitation, and Human Security" by Dr. Ross Michael Pink was published in Health and Human Rights Journal, Harvard University, in June 2012
For full access to article, please follow link: http://www.hhrjournal.org/wp-content/uploads/sites/13/2013/06/Pink-FINAL2.pdf
The Author is the Co-founder of Global Water Rights. He lectured in International Law at the University of Toronto and currently is a Professor in Political Science and International Relations at Kwantlen Polytechnic University in Surrey, BC. The article was published by Harvard University Health and Human Rights Journal.
The article explores the intersection between child rights, water scarcity, sanitation, and the human security paradigm. The recognition of child rights has been advanced through the 1989 Convention on the Rights of the Child and other international legal instruments, while water rights are increasingly affirmed in international law and through the historic July 2010 United Nations General Assembly resolution that strengthened the legal foundation for water security and human rights. Yet there remains a development gap in terms of child access to clean and secure water sources for basic human development needs. The human security paradigm provides a legal and humanitarian foundation for the extension of child rights related to water and sanitation.
Fresh water is a vital and life-sustaining resource, yet water shortages and water pollution threaten the lives of more than 1 billion people on the planet, and the number of people endangered by clean water shortages increases every year. Salt water accounts for 98% of the planet’s water. The remaining 2% is fresh water, but 50% of this amount is undrinkable due to pollution and contamination. Evaporation and pollution further diminish the available supply of fresh water every year.
Compounding the global water crisis is the fact that global population, and thus consump-tion, is rising rapidly. In 1927, the global population was approximately 3 billion; it was 4 billion in 1974, 5 billion in 1987, 6.9 billion in 2011, and is projected to reach 9.22 billion in 2075.1 Approximately 1.1 billion people have no access to clean water, including 406 million in East Asia and the Pacific; 314 million in sub-Saharan Africa; 229 million in South Asia; 38 million in the Middle East; and 49 million in Latin America.
According to United Nations Development Programme data, 700 million people live in water-stressed nations and this figure will rise to 3 billion by the year 2025.2 These daunting figures present a situation of profound risk and threat to life for children living in water-scarce regions; they face particular vulnerabilities due to poverty, lack of agency, and incapacity. The aim of this article is to outline the paramount importance of water and sanitation to child health and the high relevance of the human security paradigm to child protection
Original article can be found at: http://www.state.gov/e/oes/water/ica/index.htm
The National Intelligence Council’s National Intelligence Estimate is the highest level intelligence product created in collaboration with 16 U.S. intelligence agencies. Secretary Clinton commissioned this intelligence report last year to get a better sense of how global water and sanitation challenges might impact our national security interests.
On March 22, 2012, the National Intelligence Council released the unclassified report, the Intelligence Community Assessment on Global Water Security. The report concludes that several regions of the world such as North Africa, the Middle East, and South Asia, will face major challenges coping with water problems. And that during the next ten years, many countries important to the United States will experience water problems that will increase the risk of instability and state failure, exacerbate regional tensions, and distract them from working with the United States on important policy objectives.
These findings reinforce the view that water is not just a human health issue, not just an economic development or environmental issue, but a peace and security issue. It supports the need to engage diplomatically and to carefully coordinate our development and diplomatic efforts.
For Full Report Please Follow Link: http://www.dni.gov/files/documents/Special%20Report_ICA%20Global%20Water%20Security.pdf
For more info: globalresearch.ca/globalresearch.org
About a half of the global population could be facing water shortages by 2030 when demand would exceed water supply by 40 percent, says United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon.
Opening the Water Summit in Budapest, Hungary on Tuesday, the UN chief warned against unsustainable use of water resources.
“Water is wasted and poorly used by all sectors in all countries. That means all sectors in all countries must cooperate for sustainable solutions. We must use what we have more equitably and wisely,” Ban said, as cited by the UN website.
“By 2030 nearly half the global population could be facing water scarcity. Demand could outstrip supply by 40 per cent.”
Governments cannot cope with the problem on their own, without the “full engagement” of all other players, including business, Ban underlined.
Agriculture remains the largest consumer of freshwater. “There is growing urgency to reconcile its demands with the needs of domestic and industrial uses, especially energy production,” the UN Secretary General said.
He urged industrial giants as well as small farmers to learn to get “more crop per drop” by using advanced irrigation technologies and focusing on “climate-resilient” rather than water intensive crops (i.e. rice).
Secretary General of the United Nations Ban Ki-moon takes a glass of water as he makes his opening speech for ‘Budapest Water Summit 2013′ on the stage of the Millenaris Cultural Center in Budapest on October 8, 2013 during the beginning of the summit. Ban Ki-moon pays a visit to Hungary to open this world conference for clean water. (AFP Photo)Secretary General of the United Nations Ban Ki-moon takes a glass of water as he makes his opening speech for ‘Budapest Water Summit 2013′ on the stage of the Millenaris Cultural Center in Budapest on October 8, 2013 during the beginning of the summit. Ban Ki-moon pays a visit to Hungary to open this world conference for clean water. (AFP Photo)
Climate change adds to the risk of water shortages in large parts of the world and that is another challenge that nations should cooperate on.
”We must make sure that water remains a catalyst for cooperation not conflict among communities and countries,” Ban stressed.
Global warming means not only more droughts, but also more floods.
“That is why we must do everything we can to keep global temperature rise to below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels,” the UN chief said.
Back in 2000, world leaders adopted Millennium Development Goals (MDG). Among them was to halve the proportion of the population without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation by 2015.
“While the MDG target for providing access to improved water sources has been reached, 780 million people lack this basic necessity,” Ban said on Tuesday. “Roughly 80 per cent of global wastewater from human settlements or industrial sources is discharged untreated. Water quality in at least parts of most major river systems still fails to meet basic World Health Organization standards.”
About one-third of people on the planet drink water that is dangerous for health, while even a larger part of population lack adequate sanitation, according to the UN chief.
“Some 2.5 billion people lack the dignity and health offered by access to a safe, decent toilet and protection from untreated waste. One billion people practice open defecation.”
Such insanitary practices, common for many developing countries, are considered among the main causes of diarrhea – the second biggest killer of children in the world after pneumonia.
“Even when it does not kill, repeated diarrhea can cause childhood stunting. These children are more vulnerable to disease and their brains do not develop as they should,” Ban’s speech at the Budapest Water Summit reads.
In his words, investment in sanitation is a down-payment on a sustainable future, with economists estimating that every dollar spent can bring a five-fold return.
“Our societies cannot prosper without clean, plentiful freshwater. People cannot thrive without adequate sanitation.”
According to the United Nations, Sub-Saharan Africa has the largest number of water-stressed countries of any region.
Original article can be found at: http://www.globalresearch.ca/water-scarcity-by-2030-true-for-every-second-person-on-earth-un-says/5353613?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=water-scarcity-by-2030-true-for-every-second-person-on-earth-un-says